Taro - Kalo
Hui
'Ekahi

Task/Instructions: There are three topics on kalo on this page: Water System, Kalo Lo'i and Preparing Kalo. Your Project Group may decide how to divide up the research work. Keep in mind that after you are done with your research, you share what you learned with the other members of your Project Group. All three of you will be responsible for knowing ALL of the information on this page so, make sure you know your information well enough to share with the others. You will then illustrate your activity for your Hui's Ahupua'a Mural.

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Water System

  1. The Hawaiians of Old p.61-62.
  2. Na Pua No'eau - Kalo
  3. Native Hawaiians and Streams (reading is more difficult)
  4. Taro: the Life of the Islands

 
The first Hawaiians came to a new and different land. The farmer grew plants near the shore; then he grew his kalo in patches with ditches for water. Water was a precious resource to the early Hawaiians. The Hawaiian farmer had to have great knowledge and skills in terracing land and building irrigation ditches ('auwai).

Explain, identify, or describe:

  • what the early Hawaiians thought about water.
  • what the kalo needs to grow healthy and strong.
  • how was the water supply protected.
  • how the Hawaiians brought water to their land.
  • how much water could a kalo farmer take.

 

 

 

 

In addition to finding out the answers to these questions, you will also be responsible for drawing pictures of 'auwai to show how water was brought to the kalo lo'i. You will place them on the appropriate place on your Hui's Ahupua'a mural.

 

Kalo Lo'i

  1. The Hawaiians of Old p.59-60,62-65, 67.
  2. Pu'uhale Elementary School: Kalo
  3. Kula: the lowlands
  4. Kalo Lo'i (look in your Hawaiians of Old for help with Hawaiian vocabulary)
  5. Kalo (Taro)
  6. Room 34's Artifacts of Ancient Hawai'i

The Hawaiians were very knowledgeable. They had to learn where different plants grew the best They had to know about the soil in different areas of the land. They had to know how to grow different kinds of plants and the best time for planting each plant.

Explain, identify, or describe:

  • the kalo patch or lo'i:
    • what the purpose of the lo'i.
    • who helped to build them.
    • where were they built.
    • how they built the lo'i using the natural resources in the environment.
  • how the farmer cultivated (grew) the kalo:
    • what the farmer used to help dig the soil.
    • why the "huli" is important.
    • describe what the farmer did with the "huli".
    • what purpose the kukui and hau leaves served in the kalo lo'i.

In addition to finding out the answers to these questions, you will also be responsible for drawing pictures of people working in the kalo lo'i. You will place them on the appropriate place on your Hui's Ahupua'a mural.

 

 

taro roots

Preparing Kalo

  1. The Hawaiians of Old p.65-67.
  2. Canoe Plants: Kalo
    (reading is more difficult)
  3. Imu Cooking
  4. Tapping the Roots of Taro
    (reading is more difficult).
  5. Poi Pounding -movie
  6. Man pounding poi -picture

The kalo was the main source of food for the early Hawaiians. It took 8-12 months to grow. Unlike today, the early Hawaiians took out only the kalo they needed. They respected the kalo plant and did not argue, complain, or discuss problems when eating poi. They knew how to get a good crop and worked hard for their food. How was the taro prepared for eating?  

Explain, identify, or describe:

  • how the uncooked kalo was prepared for cooking.
  • how the imu was prepared.
  • who did the cooking.
  • how the cooked kalo was made into poi.
  • the tools that were used in food preparation. What natural resources did the Hawaiians use to create them?

In addition to finding out the answers to these questions, you will also be responsible for drawing pictures of the imu and the tools and supplies used. You will place them on the appropriate place on your Hui's Ahupua'a mural.

 

 Resources & Links

  1. The Hawaiians of Old, Chapter 3, "The Hawaiian Was a Farmer" p.57
  2. Pictures of wild taro in Florida
  3. Ahupua'a Adventure

 

 

 

 

kalo plant

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Linda_Nakasone@notes.k12.hi.us
Date Last Modified: 11/16/02