LEARNINGS and CONCLUSION
We, the students of C-5 learned the
following things about Ancient Egypt:
- Pyramids are the oldest
stone buildings in the world. The biggest pyramid is
taller than a 40 story building and can easily cover ten
- Pyramids are tombs for
Egypt's Kings called pharaohs.
- Some of the blocks used
to make the pyramids weighed up to 15 tons which is about
5 large elephants.
- The largest pyramid at
Giza contains over 2 million blocks of limestone. In
front of the pyramids is a statue called the Great Sphinx
and it guards the pyramids in Giza. This huge statue is
240 feet long and looks like a crouching lion with a
- There were a lot of
famous kings in Egypt but the one that we found most
interesting was King Tutankhamen, often called King Tut.
- King Tut became King Of
Egypt at the age of 9 years old and died mysteriously at
the age of 19.
- Howard Carter found the
entrance to King Tut's tomb in 1922 and in it many
- King Tut's tomb was made
from almost 2,500 pounds of gold and is worth more than
13 million dollars today.
- Nefertiti was Queen of
Egypt and ruled from 1379 to 1362 B.C.
- Nefertiti was the wife of
King Akhenaten and together they ruled and worshiped the
sun god Aten.
- There were many gods in
Egypt but the seven gods that we studied are:
- Thoth, god of writing
and knowledge and sometimes shown as a baboon and
other times by a man with an ibis's head.
- Re, the sun god
symbolized by a man with a falcon's head crowned with
the sun disk and hold an cross (ankh) and
- Hathor, the cow-headed
goddess of love, joy, women , childbirth and music.
She was shown with a solar disk flanked by cow horns
on her hear.
- Anubis, god the the
embalmers and the dead. He was shown as a man with a
- Osiris, god and ruler
of the dead or the underworld. He had a crown of reeds
and ostrich feathers and carried a crook and
- Isis was the most
important goddess of all. Her job was being a mother,
a wife, healing the sick and working her magical
spells and charms.
- Horus, king of the
gods and the god of light and heaven. He had the head
of a falcon and carried an ankh in his right hand.
- Egypt has the longest
river in the world, the Nile River. It provided water to
irrigate the farms, transportation and served as a
barrier which protected the land from invaders.
- The Nile is the entire
length of Egypt and is also home of the largest
crocodiles in the world. It is as long as two Honda
Accords and weigh as much as one Honda.
- Ancient Egyptians
believed in life after death. They believed that the dead
went to a place called the "Next World," a land filled
with comfort and happiness.
- The dead body was
preserved with oils, salt, and linen wrappings. This was
part of the mummification process.
- The internal organs were
also removed and stored in canopic jars and would later
be returned to the body when he or she went to the Next
- The Egyptians wrote with
pictures and signs called hieroglyphics. Most of the
pictures were of people, animals, plants or objects.
- The scribe was a person
who trained to write hieroglyphics.
- Most of the people in
Egypt were farmers and workers. They grew many kinds of
fruits and vegetables. Beer was the most popular drink
and bread was the staple food.
- The pharaoh was the
highest person in the social pyramid. The priests,
soldiers, government officials followed and then the
merchants. At the bottom of the pyramid were the farmers
and the slaves.
- Lower and upper Egypt was
once separate kingdoms.
- King Menes united the two
kingdoms and from then on the kings of ancient Egypt wore
a double crown.
- The scarab beetle was a
sacred symbol to the ancient Egyptians.
- Men wore loin cloth,
short and long skirts and sandals.
- Women like to wear eye
paint, perfume, jewelry, shawls and sheer ankle dresses.
- Children would go nude
during the summer because it was so hot.
- Girls wore pigtails and
boys had shaved heads except for one braided lock worn to
- It is believed that the
Egyptians ate a lot of sweets and candies because some
mummies were found with rotten teeth.
Our class learned many new and
interesting things about Egypt. We had fun making our
mummies and their little coffins making our scarab paper
weights and problem solving on how to build a pyramid. We
also enjoyed wrapping one of our students as a mummy and
doing a simple cooking activity from an Egyptian recipe.
Besides being self-directed learners, we also had to work
as a team to complete our project and be quality producers.
We all agreed that this was a fun project to work on.
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