Akaka Falls is part of an island state park which is located 15 miles north of Hilo, in Honomu, and 4 miles off the Hawai'i Belt Road (Highway 19).
Akaka Falls has a 0.7 mile guided loop through planted botanical forests of gingers, bamboos, orchids, azaleas, tree ferns, hibiscus, and other introduced native species. Midpoint of this loop, there is a fall which is 420 feet high.
Mauna Loa is one of the two largest volcanoes on the island of Hawai'i. It makes up 50.5% of land area of the island. It has an elevation of 13,677 feet (4,167 ). It is a live volcano which is 0.6 million years old. Mauna Loa is known for the star-gazing visitor center and the observatories that hold one of the largest telescopes, a telescope that was just received almost a year ago is used to gaze into the galaxy.
Kilauea Volcano- An active volcano on the island of Hawaii It means spewing lava. It is located 4000 ft above sea level. The costal area is warm and dry. It is a live volcano, the active pit is called Halema'u ma'u.
Pololu Valley- is located north of the Hamakua coast. The beginning of north Kohala district, Pololu Valley, has the same general features as Waipi'o Valley. It's also a scenic attraction with a look-out that is popular with local sightseers. In 1946 the greatest tsunami with ubelievable heights was recorded there at 55ft (17m). There were no lives lost.
Hi'ilawe Falls- Hi'ilawe Falls is the highest freefalling waterfall in Hawai'i and one of the highest in the world. Led by streams from the Kohala mountains, it plunges a thousand feet into Waipi'o valley. It was a lava flow from Mauna Kea that formed the cliffs on the side of the falls.
The Wailuku River is the longest river on the Big Island. It is about 22.7 miles long. The word Wailuku mans " destroying water". A rock here called Wa-a-kauhi is a symbol of a canoe of Kauhi , a Maui chief who is said to be the petrified canoe of the demigod Maui.
Rainbow Falls is located in Hilo. This water cascade is part of the Wailuku River. The water fall drops 80 feet into a large pool almost a 100 feet in diameter. The fall is located next to the Hilo hospital. Behind the fall is a cave said to be home of Hina, mother of Maui. It is called Rainbow Falls because when the water hits the water far below, the mist throws flocks of rainbow into the air. The best time to catch a rainbow is early in the morning sunshine.
Akaka Falls with its 420 feet cascade is the biggest water fall on the Big Island. The falls is located in a historical town called Honomu in the Hamakua District. A large stone in midstream about 70 feet above the falls name Pohaku-o-kaloa is said to be a stone of Pele. When struck by a Lehua 'apane branch, the sky darkens and the rain falls. This is what makes up Akaka Falls.
Volcanoes - Kilauea and Mauna Loa
Volcanoes are vents in the earth's crusts through which molten lava and gasses are ejected. Volcanoes are massive eruptions that are powerful beyond your belief and very unpredictable.
The islands of Hawaii lie upon the middle of the pacific plate. Volcanism occurs at the plate where 2 intersect. Hawaii is located on an intersecting plate known as a hot spot. These hot spots have been known to trigger volcanic action.
The islands of Hawaii have the two most active volcanoes still adding to the land. These active volcanoes are known as Kilauea and Mauna Loa.
Mauna Loa is 4,170m ( 13,600 ft) above sea level. It's area is 5,271km2 ( 2,035mi2) with a volume of 80,000 km3 (19,000 mi3). Mauna Loa is the largest volcano .
In general, Hawaiian rain forests are undoubtedly the safest in the world; with no malarial mosquitoes or poisonous snakes. But the danger of flash floods, slippery precipices and wild pigs all warrant cautions.
Forming the northern tip of the Big Island is the worn and rounded KOHALA mountain ridge. The steepest part of KOHALA mountain ridge lies about 3,564 feet high. It is the oldest mountain that lies dead out of the five volcanoes that lie on the Big Island. KOHALA is 700,000 years old. Along route 250 (KOHALA mountain road), completing a loop tour of north KOHALA rolls through cactus-studded range country off of the modernized day life style. You will see cattle ranchers, norfolk pine and eucalyptus on this countryside road with sweet grass and wild flowers.
32,000 feet from an underwater base, Mauna Kea pokes it head 13,796 feet above the sea level. Mauna Kea was 17,000 feet high. It gets smaller with age. Scientists recognized this spot as possibly the best place in the world to observe stars. Mauna Kea has the only one of its kind, a tropical lake fed by permafrost. Its lake is called Lake WAI-AU. Mauna Kea is cold, especially if it's snowing, so bring warm clothes. Also because of very thin air, children under 16 years old, and people with respiratory heart problems are not advised to go.
Rainbow Falls- This falls is an 80 ft. fall and a great look out area. It is known for its springs and nice floral surroundings. There is also a cave for a Goddess of the falls. Her name is Hina and she is the mother of a famous god Maui who fought a lot for his people.
Wailoa River- This river is also a state park and known for its stream and animal life in the water. The bridges and nice scenery is good. There are ducks and lots of fishes. It is in the heart of Hilo town. The literary meaning is long and broad waters.
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